|SwissProt ID Link
||Adapter protein that links membrane-bound small G-proteins to cytoplasmic effector proteins. Necessary for CDC42-mediated reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton and for RAC1-mediated membrane ruffling. Involved in the regulation of the actin cytoskeleton by WASF family members and the Arp2/3 complex. Plays a role in neurite growth. Acts syngeristically with ENAH to promote filipodia formation. Plays a role in the reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton in response to bacterial infection. Participates in actin bundling when associated with EPS8, promoting filopodial protrusions.
||Cytoplasm. Membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Cell projection, filopodium. Cell projection, ruffle. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Detected throughout the cytoplasm in the absence of specific binding partners. Detected in filopodia and close to membrane ruffles. Recruited to actin pedestals that are formed upon infection by bacteria at bacterial attachment sites.
||Phosphorylated on tyrosine residues by INSR in response to insulin treatment.
||Isoform 1 and isoform 4 are expressed almost exclusively in brain. Isoform 4 is barely detectable in placenta, prostate and testis. A short isoform is ubiquitous, with the highest expression in liver, prostate, testis and placenta.
||Homodimer. Interacts with CDC42 and RAC1 that have been activated by GTP binding. Interacts with ATN1, BAI1, EPS8, SHANK1, SHANK2, SHANK3, WASF1 and WASF2. Interacts with ENAH after recruitment of CDC42. Interacts with TIAM1 and DIAPH1. Interacts (via SH3 domain) with E.coli effector protein EspF(U) (via PXXP motifs). Interacts with E.coli intimin receptor Tir.
||Contains 1 IMD (IRSp53/MIM homology) domain.
Contains 1 SH3 domain.