Anti-ARHGEF2 antibody (AA26762)

$187.00


Alternative names Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor 2, Guanine nucleotide exchange factor H1, GEF-H1, Microtubule-regulated Rho-GEF, Proliferating cell nucleolar antigen p40, ARHGEF2, KIAA0651, LFP40, ARHG2_HUMAN
Species Reactivity Human, Mouse, Rat
Applications IHC, WB
Host Rabbit
Class Polyclonal
Conjugated Unconjugated


Description

Product name Anti-ARHGEF2 antibody (AA26762)
Catalog number AA26762
Brand family Ango
Product type Primary Antibody
Antibody Alternative Names Rho guanine nucleotide exchange factor 2 antibody, Guanine nucleotide exchange factor H1 antibody, GEF-H1 antibody, Microtubule-regulated Rho-GEF antibody, Proliferating cell nucleolar antigen p40 antibody, ARHGEF2 antibody, KIAA0651 antibody, LFP40 antibody, ARHG2_HUMAN antibody


Biological Information

Immunogen Recombinant protein of human ARHGEF2
Concentration 1 mg/ml
Isotype IgG
Application Notes WB 1:500 - 1:2000 IHC 1:50 - 1:200
Purification method Purified by affinity chromatography


Target

Target Name ARHGEF2
SwissProt ID Link Q92974
Function Activates Rho-GTPases by promoting the exchange of GDP for GTP. May be involved in epithelial barrier permeability, cell motility and polarization, dendritic spine morphology, antigen presentation, leukemic cell differentiation, cell cycle regulation, innate immune response, and cancer. Binds Rac-GTPases, but does not seem to promote nucleotide exchange activity toward Rac-GTPases, which was uniquely reported in PubMed:9857026. May stimulate instead the cortical activity of Rac. Inactive toward CDC42, TC10, or Ras-GTPases. Forms an intracellular sensing system along with NOD1 for the detection of microbial effectors during cell invasion by pathogens. Required for RHOA and RIP2 dependent NF-kappaB signaling pathways activation upon S.flexneri cell invasion. Involved not only in sensing peptidoglycan (PGN)-derived muropeptides through NOD1 that is independent of its GEF activity, but also in the activation of NF-kappaB by Shigella effector proteins (IpgB2 and OspB) which requires its GEF activity and the activation of RhoA. Involved in innate immune signaling transduction pathway promoting cytokine IL6/interleukin-6 and TNF-alpha secretion in macrophage upon stimulation by bacterial peptidoglycans; acts as a signaling intermediate between NOD2 receptor and RIPK2 kinase. Contributes to the tyrosine phosphorylation of RIPK2 through Src tyrosine kinase leading to NF-kappaB activation by NOD2.
Subcellular Location Cytoplasm. Cell junction, tight junction. Golgi apparatus. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, spindle. Cell projection, ruffle membrane. Cytoplasmic vesicle. Localizes to the tips of cortical microtubules of the mitotic spindle during cell division, and is further released upon microtubule depolymerization. Recruited into membrane ruffles induced by S.flexneri at tight junctions of polarized epithelial cells. Colocalized with NOD2 and RIPK2 in vesicles and with the cytoskeleton.
Post-Translational Modification Phosphorylation of Ser-886 by PAK1 induces binding to protein YWHAZ, promoting its relocation to microtubules and the inhibition of its activity. Phosphorylated by AURKA and CDK1 during mitosis, which negatively regulates its activity. Phosphorylation by MAPK1 or MAPK3 increases nucleotide exchange activity. Phosphorylation by PAK4 releases GEF-H1 from the microtubules. Phosphorylated on serine, threonine and tyrosine residues in a RIPK2-dependent manner.
Subunit Structure Found in a complex composed at least of ARHGEF2, NOD2 and RIPK2. Interacts with RIPK2; the interaction mediates tyrosine phosphorylation of RIPK2 by Src kinase CSK. Interacts with RIPK1 and RIPK3. Interacts with YWHAZ/14-3-3 zeta; when phosphorylated at Ser-886. Interacts with the kinases PAK4, AURKA and MAPK1. Interacts with RHOA and RAC1. Interacts with NOD1. Interacts (via the N-terminal zinc finger) with CAPN6 (via domain II).
Sequence Similarities Contains 1 DH (DBL-homology) domain. Contains 1 PH domain. Contains 1 phorbol-ester/DAG-type zinc finger.


Poduct Presentation

Form Liquid
Preservative 0.02% (w/v) sodium azide
Storage buffer PBS with 50% glycerol, pH 7.3


Storage and Shipping Information

Storage Store at -20 or -80 C. Avoid multiple freeze/thaw cycles.