|SwissProt ID Link
||Involved in innate immune response by recognizing cytosolic double-stranded DNA and inducing caspase-1-activating inflammasome formation in macrophages. Upon binding to DNA is thought to undergo oligomerization and to associate with PYCARD initiating the recruitment of caspase-1 precusrsor and processing of interleukin-1 beta and interleukin-18. Detects cytosolic dsDNA of viral and bacterial origin in a non-sequence-specific manner. Can also trigger PYCARD-dependent, caspase-1-independent cell death that involves caspase-8. Tumor suppressor which may act by repressing NF-kappa-B transcriptional activity.
||Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Activated inflammasomes can aggregate in the cytosol as speck-like particles.
||Expressed in spleen, small intestine, peripheral blood leukocytes, and testis.
||Self-associates; forms homooligomers in response to cytosolic dsDNA and the dsDNA seems to serve as oligomerization platform. Component of the AIM2 inflammasome. Interacts with PYCARD, IFI16, EIF2AK2/PKR and MAPRE1.
||Belongs to the HIN-200 family.
Contains 1 DAPIN domain.
Contains 1 HIN-200 domain.